- A legal entity, either a domestic or foreign government, corporation or investment trust, that develops, registers, and sells securities including stocks, bonds, notes, debentures, and derivatives. The issuer sells securities in order to finance its obligations.
Related Terms and Acronyms
- Asset-Backed Securities (ABS) — Acronym, Very Important,
➥ Financial security made up of a bundle of assets.
- Securities backed by a pool of assets.
- Bond — Definition,
- A certificate of debt issued by a government or corporation guaranteeing payment of the original investment plus interest by a specified future date.
- Captive Finance Company — Definition,
- A finance company related to a specific dealer or manufacturer.
- Derivatives — Definition,
- Financial contracts whose value is derived from the value of some underlying asset, rate or index. Derivatives are used as risk-management tools by governments and corporations to reduce exposure to risk, mainly related to fluctuations in foreign-exchange and interest rates. Derivative instruments include swaps, options, futures and forward contracts and are used by banks in two principal activities: sales/trading and asset/liability management.
- Equity — Definition,
- Ownership in an asset.
- The value of a property minus outstanding mortgage debt and other liens.
- Futures — Definition,
- Contracts to buy something in the future at a price agreed upon in advance. They first developed in the agriculture commodity markets but often involve foreign exchange, Eurodollar deposits and government bonds.
- Investment — Definition,
- Something you put your money into in order to make money.
- Issue Age — Definition,
- The policyholder's age when the policy was first issued, to the nearest year.
- Liabilities — Definition,
- A borrower's debts and legal obligations.
- Mortgage-Backed Securities — Definition, Important,
- Securities backed by mortgage debt.
- Mutual Fund — Definition,
- A type of investment scheme that pools funds from multiple backers and invests them in securities such as stock or bonds.
- Note — Definition,
- A legal acknowledgement of a debt and an implicit promise to repay. It includes the loan amount, interest rate and term.
- Secondary Mortgage Market — Definition, Important,
- The trade in home loans that are bundled together and sold as securities to investors. It frees money so more people can get mortgages.
- Security — Definition,
- A tradable financial implement that represents ownership, the rights to ownership or debt.
- Property designated as collateral.
- A document stating ownership of a stock or bond.
- Segregated Fund — Definition,
- Investment vehicles that feature both maturity and death guarantees. Segregated funds share similarities with mutual funds but are categorized as insurance products.
- Stock — Definition,
- A share of the ownership of a company.
- Trust — Definition,
- A fund established like a will, specifying how money or property will be disbursed, lists the recipients or beneficiaries and names one or more trustees to manage the assets. An irrevocable trust can't be changed after the terms are finalized; a revocable trust has more legroom in how much can be transferred, but is usually costlier to maintain.
- Trust Company — Definition,
- A company that acts as a trustee (an entity that controls financial assets on the behalf of another).
- Underwriter — Definition,
- An entity that issues and distributes financial products including equity capital, credit, mortgages, and insurance.