Stock

Importance: 0.57

Is a company: no

Is a proper noun: no

Synonyms

  • stocks
  • share

Alternate Spellings

  • share
  • equity

Definition of Stock

  1. A security that represents equity (ownership) in a corporation. Owning stock gives each shareholder a claim on a portion of a corporation's assets and earnings and often times provides shareholders voting rights. Many stocks are traded openly on stock exchanges between investors. Also known as "equity" or a "share."

Related Terms and Acronyms

  • Bull Market Definition,
    • When stock prices are increasing and it's a healthy market, this is known as a bull market.
  • Segregated Fund Definition,
    • Investment vehicles that feature both maturity and death guarantees. Segregated funds share similarities with mutual funds but are categorized as insurance products.
  • Security Definition,
    • Property designated as collateral.
    • A tradable financial implement that represents ownership, the rights to ownership or debt.
    • A document stating ownership of a stock or bond.
  • Corporation Definition,
    • A legal entity that is legally separate from its owners and employees.
  • Common Stock (CS) Acronym,
    • A security that allocates partial ownership in a corporation, but at a lower standing than preferred stocks.
  • Stock Insurance Company Definition,
    • An insurance company with multiple stockholders each owning shares in the corporation.
  • Startup Company Definition,
    • A recently founded company that works on new products and services.
  • Bond Definition,
    • A certificate of debt issued by a government or corporation guaranteeing payment of the original investment plus interest by a specified future date.
  • Indexed Annuity Definition,
    • An annuity where investment performance is pegged to a stock index.
  • Index Definition,
    • A table of yields or interest rates being paid on debt (such as Treasury notes or bank deposits) that is used to determine interest-rate changes.
  • Secondary Market Definition,
    • A market where financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, options and futures are bought and sold to investors.
  • Investments in Affiliates Definition,
    • A situation where an investor has a great deal of control over the operation and/or financial management of his or her investment.
  • Equity Definition,
    • The value of a property minus outstanding mortgage debt and other liens.
    • Ownership in an asset.
  • Swap Definition,
    • An agreement between two businesses to exchange commodities, payments or other financial products to reduce the risk of volatile market conditions or to obtain a better price or rate. For example, interest rate swaps, where floating rate interest is exchanged for fixed rate interest, protects a corporation against rises in rates or allows it to take advantage of a better rate. A cross-currency swap enables two parties to enter into an agreement in which one exchanges its currency for the other's to meet their separate requirements.
  • Bear Market Definition,
    • When stock prices are decreasing, it's a bear market.
  • Securities/Investment Dealer Definition,
    • One who acts as the agent for another party to buy and sell securities and other investments; also an underwriter.
  • Privately Held Company Definition,
    • A company that is not listed on a stock exchange.
  • Inflation-Protected Annuity Definition,
    • An annuity that guarantees a return equal to or above inflation.
  • Preferred Stock Definition,
    • A type of security that signifies part ownership in a corporation and is given preferential treatment over common stocks.
  • Issuer Definition,
    • A legal entity that develops, registers, and sells securities including stocks, bonds and derivatives.
  • Buyer's Market Definition,
    • When market conditions favour the buyer.
  • Financing Expenses Definition,
    • Expenses sustained from interest payments, financing, and dividends to shareholders.
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO) Acronym,
    • When shares of a corporation become available to the public for the first time.
  • Incorporated Business Definition,
    • A company that exists as a corporation.
  • Investment Definition,
    • Something you put your money into in order to make money.
  • Share Certificate Definition,
    • A certificate of deposit issued by a credit union that pays a specific dividend if held for a specific period. It's the credit union equivalent of a certificate of deposit. A penalty is usually assessed if all or any of the principal is withdrawn before maturity.
  • Mutual Fund Definition,
    • A type of investment scheme that pools funds from multiple backers and invests them in securities such as stock or bonds.
  • Seller's Market Definition,
    • Due to either low supply or high demand, the seller can expect to sell quickly with a high sale price.
  • Return on Equity (ROE) Acronym,
    • A ratio that shows how profitable a company is when compared to shareholder equity.
  • Seed Funding Definition,
    • Money used to start a business.
  • Closed-end Fund Definition,
    • A mutual fund with shares initially sold to investors through an IPO; afterwards, the fund is listed on a stock exchange to be bought and sold.
  • Canadian National Stock Exchange (CNSX) Company, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Important,
      Canadian stock exchange for trading the securities of public companies.
    • Private Equity Definition,
      • Equity not traded on a stock exchange.
    • Publicly Traded Company Definition,
      • A company that is sold on a stock exchange.
    • Portfolio Definition,
      • A collection of investments.
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