- An action brought through a court by a plaintiff against a defendant. The plaintiff claims to have sustained a loss due to the actions of the defendant and the plaintiff seeks legal remedy (monetary compensation) or equitable remedy (an injunction or specific performance). Also known as a "suit in law."
suit in law, suit
law suit, litigation
Related Terms and Acronyms
- Burden of Proof (BOP) — Acronym,
- The legal requirement to provide enough evidence to win a lawsuit. In civil cases, such as tax court, the burden is decided by the preponderance -- the most -- evidence. Except in cases of tax fraud, the burden of proof in a tax case generally is on the taxpayer.
- Causation — Definition,
- A method of connecting an entity's conduct with an effect, which in some cases can prove legal liability.
- Common Law (CL) — Acronym, Very Important,
➥ Laws developed by judges through court decisions and precedent.
- Traditional, unwritten law based on English custom.
- Defendant — Definition,
- The accused party in a lawsuit or criminal trial.
- Errors and Omissions Insurance — Definition,
- Insurance that protects architects, home inspectors and contractors from claims by clients for professional mistakes.
- Malpractice — Definition,
- Negligent acts done by a professional that causes injury to a plaintiff.
- Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) — Acronym,
- A contract that disallows one or more parties from disclosing information covered by the contract.
- Plaintiff — Definition,
- The party who initiates a lawsuit.
- Settlement — Definition,
- An agreement between the parties of a legal case.
- Settlement Statement — Definition,
- A document that details who has paid how much to whom.
- Tort — Definition,
- An act that causes harm or loss.
- Tort Law — Definition,
- Civil law or the laws that govern civil lawsuits.
- Tortfeasor — Definition,
- A party who commits a tort (a civil wrong).