- A bank with a primary market in a regional or metropolitan area, but takes deposits from throughout the province in which it is located. In Canada it is generally called a Credit Union.
local bank, community bank, independent bank, credit union
Related Terms and Acronyms
- Bank — Definition,
- An institution that acts as a financial intermediary by receiving money from depositors and lenders and also lending to borrowers.
- Bank of Canada (BC, BOC) — Company Est. 1935, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Important,
➥ Canada's central bank.
- Canada's central bank.
- Central Bank — Definition,
- An institution that manages a nation's monetary policy.
- Correspondent Bank — Definition,
- A bank that holds deposits of another bank, usually a smaller bank, and in turn provides certain banking services that may not be readily available to the smaller bank.
- Credit Union (CU) — Acronym,
➥ Credit unions are member-owned, full service co-operative financial institutions.
- A non-profit, cooperative financial institution owned and controlled by the people who use its services, usually a group such as employees in the same company or industry. Credit unions historically have been able to offer lower rates and fees and still operate in the black. Credit unions rely on a financial reserve to absorb unexpected losses from loan defaults or other financial setbacks, and the majority of credit unions carry federal deposit insurance that protects individual accounts up to a specified amount in the event the credit union fails.
- Independent Bank — Definition,
- A locally owned bank that is operated without being affiliated with a bank holding company. Also known as a community bank.
- International Banking — Definition,
- The operation of bank branches and subsidiaries located outside Canada. This area of banking also includes the supervision of correspondent banking relationships, foreign exchange trading, and trade finance.
- Niche Banks — Definition,
- Smaller banks that cater to particular communities or certain industries. These banks have been thriving in the fallout from mega-bank mergers.
- Onus Item — Definition,
- A payment that is deposited at the same financial institution in which it was drawn or written. For example, a cheque that is written by one bank customer and deposited by the recipient at another branch of the same bank. These items are not cleared between institutions and therefore are not represented in statistics of payments exchanged between financial institutions in the clearings.
- Schedule I Banks — Definition,
- A designation in the Bank Act that refers to Canadian-owned banks that are widely held, i.e., ones in which no one owner holds more than 10% of shares.
- Schedule II Banks — Definition,
- A designation in the Bank Act that refers to foreign-owned banks and closely held Canadian banks, i.e., banks in which an owner may hold more than 10% of outstanding stock.
- Schedule III Banks — Definition,
- Foreign banks not incorporated under the bank act that are allowed to conduct business in Canada.
- Share Certificate — Definition,
- A certificate of deposit issued by a credit union that pays a specific dividend if held for a specific period. It's the credit union equivalent of a certificate of deposit. A penalty is usually assessed if all or any of the principal is withdrawn before maturity.